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Suicide Risk Factors


While no single risk factor predicts suicidal behaviour, it is helpful to be aware of circumstances that could contribute to being suicidal.

A combination of these factors that would contribute to increased vulnerability of risk.

  • Previous attempts
  • Having a family member or a person close to them die by suicide
  • Exposure to family violence, including physical or sexual abuse
  • Substantial drug or alcohol use
  • Eating disorders
  • Significant life transitions (e.g. death of a partner, job loss)
  • Mental health diagnoses (e.g. bipolar or other depressive disorders, schizophrenia, borderline personality disorder)
  • Serious physical illness
  • Severe and long-lasting pain
  • Living with few or no significant social contacts
  • Feeling of being a burden to others
  • Feelings of hopelessness and helplessness
  • Few or no significant sources for stress management and relief